PLACE VENDOME, COLUMN

Audio File length: 2.29
Author: STEFANO ZUFFI E DAVIDE TORTORELLA
English / USA Language: English / USA

Hi, I'm James, your personal guide. Together with MyWoWo, I'd like to welcome you to one of the wonders of the world.

Today I'll accompany you through Place Vendôme, which is one of the most chic squares in Paris!

As you wander around this square where glamour and international luxury reign, let me tell you a bit about its history.

First of all you should know that its first name was "Place de la Conquête".

In the second half of the 17th century, King Louis XIV had it radically modified to accommodate not only the Royal Library, but also his great equestrian statue. To mark the occasion, the square was renamed "Place Louis le Grand", but the sculpture barely lasted more than a century: it was torn apart during the Revolution and the only part of the statue that remains is one of his royal feet, now on display at the Carnavalet Museum. It was then that the square took on its third name, becoming "Place des Piques".

To celebrate the victory of Austerlitz in 1806, Napoleon decided to erect a monument in the center inspired by Trajan's column in Rome: a bronze column that was forged by melting hundreds of cannons taken from the Austrians and Russians. Just like the Arc de Triomphe, this column also celebrated the victories of the "Grande Armée", which you can see depicted in the spiral of bas-reliefs decorating it. The statue of Napoleon rested on top, but it fared just as poorly as the Sun King's equestrian statue and was also destroyed, not by the French revolutionaries but by Russian army troops who were victorious in the Battle of Paris of 1814.

About twenty years later the unfortunate column was replaced by a statue of Bonaparte, who was first depicted in "Little Corporal" garb and then, at the behest of his nephew Napoleon III, in imperial garb. But it wasn't over yet: in 1871 the column and statue were again taken down, this time by the protestors of the Municipality of Paris, who let them fall on a pile of dung and gave the square its fourth name: "Place Internationale". Everything was restored a couple of years later, and Napoleon was put back to proudly stand on top of the hopefully definitive Vendôme Column.

 

FUN FACT: the octagonal shape of Place Vendôme has even inspired... a bottle top! Not just any bottle top though, I'm talking about the one that seals the exquisite fragrance of the most famous bottle in the history of perfume: the legendary Chanel No. 5!

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